E2W & E4W Manufacturing To Drive Demand For 13 Mn. Sq. Ft. Of Real Estate

Electric 4W would dominate demand for manufacturing facilities at 11 mn sq. ft., while e-2W manufacturing would require 2 mn. sq. ft.

CBRE South Asia, a real estate consulting firm, has released its report, ‘Electric Vehicles in India – New Wheels on the Roads’. The report focuses on the trends, growth, and influence of electric vehicles (EVs) on the real estate sector in India.

According to the report, real estate requirements of manufacturing facilities of 4-Wheeler & 2-Wheeler (4W & 2W) Electric Vehicles (EV) is estimated to be around 13 million sq. ft. by 2030 as a result of the government's EV adoption targets. In addition, EV battery manufacturing facilities would also increase exponentially and require 2,400 acres of land to accommodate the production of 200 GWh of batteries by 2030. 

As per the report’s estimates, by 2030, this real estate requirement will allow a production capacity of approximately 4 million units of 4Ws and 23 million units of 2Ws. Built-to-suit (BTS) and leased facilities are largely preferred by EV manufacturers at present in India due to ease of capital deployment, flexibility in lease terms, speed to market and location advantages. However, an owned facility provides more scope for customisation, save monthly rental outgoings and has better prospects for land price appreciation.

Several policy enablers by state and union governments have enabled the creation of an indigenous EV manufacturing ecosystem by incentivising fresh investments from global/domestic players. 

During the 2020-2023 period (YTD), Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu led EV investments with a 15 per cent share each of the cumulative USD 28.8 bn investment. Meanwhile, Karnataka accounted for an 11 per cent share, Gujarat 8 per cent, and Uttar Pradesh and Telangana recorded a 7 per cent share each.

Key investment announcements in the EV sector during Q1 2023 are mentioned below:

Maharashtra - Gogoro Belrise Industries announced an investment of about USD 2.5 bn for charging infrastructure manufacturing facility

Tamil Nadu - Ola Electric announced an investment of about USD 0.9 bn for a battery manufacturing facility

Uttar Pradesh - Tauschen E-mobility announced an investment of about USD 0.2 bn for an EV manufacturing facility

For the current year, the EV sector has recorded investment announcements of about USD 6.2 bn to date. The year 2022 witnessed strong traction, with global and domestic players announcing investments of over USD 17.1 bn in the EV industry, a y-o-y increase of about 287 per cent compared to USD 4.4 bn in 2021. In the same period, more than half of the investments were driven by EV component manufacturers.

EV Investment Trends

EV manufacturers and multiple e-mobility start-ups are concentrating their presence in the primary automotive clusters in India. Uttar Pradesh took the lead in registered EV annual sales in 2022 with a 16 per cent share, closely followed by Maharashtra with a 13 per cent share and Karnataka with a 9 per cent share. These three states together dominated India's EV sales in 2022, accounting for approximately 40 per cent of the overall sales volume.

The Indian EV market is expected to grow at a Compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of about 49 per cent between 2021 - 2030 and cross annual sales of 17 million units by 2030.

Anshuman Magazine, Chairman & CEO of India, South-East Asia, Middle East & Africa at CBRE, said, "As we look ahead, the intersection of real estate and the EV sector presents exciting opportunities and challenges. The rapid growth in EV manufacturing is set to revolutionise the automotive industry, and it will undoubtedly have a profound impact on the real estate market.”

Ram Chandnani, Managing Director of Advisory & Transactions Services at CBRE India, said, “The future of the EV industry is bright, and real estate will play a pivotal role in shaping its trajectory. As demand for EV manufacturing facilities, charging infrastructure, and associated services expands, the real estate sector will need to adapt and provide the necessary infrastructure and spaces to accommodate this growth.”


Around The World